Commercial Coconut Cultivation Guide for Beginners: The coconut palm (Cocos nucifera Linn.) is the majority useful palm around the globe. Each part of the tree is useful to human life for some use or the additional. For this reason, the coconut palm is delectably famous as ‘Kalpavriksha’ meaning the tree of heaven. The copra obtained by freshening the kernel of coconut is the richest source of vegetable oil containing 65 to 70 percent oil.
The most important byproducts of coconut prepared and used in India are principal ‘coconut oil’ and ‘copra’. These byproducts have a great industrial importance. Coconut is the raw material for many industries like soap manufacturing, cosmetics, oil manufacturing etc. Furthermore, check below to know more in this Coconut Cultivation Guide.
Complete Details on Commercial Coconut Farming/Cultivation in India Posted on seekinfo
The Climatic Condition for Coconut Farming:
The coconut palm can be grown under changeable climatic and soil circumstances. It is fundamentally a tropical plant growing more often than not between 20oN 20oS latitudes. On the other hand, a rainfall of about 2000 mm per year, well distributed the whole time, is ideal for proper growth and maximum production.
But, the most favorable temperature requirement for healthy plant growth and food production is 22° C to 32 ° C by the side of through more than 60 relative humidity. Intended for growing this palm plants on the distance from the ground, they can be grown up to 600 meters above MSL. On the other hand, it is also potential to grow coconut palm up to an elevation of 1000 meters above MSL.
Best Soil for Coconut Farming?
Coconut can grow more than a broad range of soil such as loamy, coastal, sandy, laterite, clayey, alluvial, together with the domesticated soils of marshy & low lands. Though, they succeed their best in such soils which have good quality water-holding capability along with the capability of appropriate drainage. The attendance of water surrounded by 3 meters and nonexistence of any hard sub. Such as rock within 2 meters from the exterior is also compulsory for coconut farming.
Varieties of Coconut for Coconut Farming in India:
Present there are two types of coconut cultivar or hybrid are accessible around the world. These two types are dwarf cultivar and tall cultivar. The financial life of dwarf coconut cultivar is shorter than the tall cultivar of coconut. Dwarf cultivars of coconut are also miniature in height in contrast to the tall coconut cultivar.
Dwarf Varieties for Coconut Farming: The subsequent are some renowned dwarf coconut cultivar, which is extremely praised for high yielding capacity.
Malayan Orange Dwarf
Chowghat Dwarf Green
Malayan Yellow Dwarf
Chowghat Dwarf Orange
Chowghat Dwarf Yellow
Tall Coconut Cultivars for Coconut Farming: The following are some famous tall coconut cultivar, which is highly praised for high yielding capacity.
Preparation of Soil for Coconut Farming:
Shallow soils by underlying hard rock, low lying areas issue to water stagnation and clayey soils are not to be selected. An appropriate supply of moisture whichever through well-distributed rainfall or during irrigation should be met before planting.
On the other hand, the pit dimensions for planting seedling varies according to the soil type and soil water table. Intended for planting coconut on loamy soils having a low water table, an average pit size of 1 meter X 1 meter X 1 meter is recommended. while for laterite soils having underlying rocks, the pit size is supposed to be 1.25 meter X 1.25 meter X 1.25 meter. Furthermore, for the sandy soils, the pit size ought to be not more than 0.75 meter X 0.75 meter X 0.75 meter.
The Spacing between Trees in Coconut Farming:
Spacing depends on the lead of the planting system, soil type etc. In broad-spectrum, the subsequent spacing is suggested under different planting system in sandy and laterite soils. Other than, subsequent is a table showing suggested spacing for a variety of coconut planting system.
Planting System & Spacing
- Triangular Planting System 7.5 meters is best at the point of the triangle.
- You can also use Square planting system which is 7.5 meter X 7.5 meter or 8 meter X 8 meter, or 9 meter X 9 meter.
- Apart from that above, there is also an option of Single Row planting system which has 6.5 meters for row spacing & 9 meters between each plant.
- Double Hedge planting system 6.5 meters for row spacing & 9 meters between the pair of rows.
Coconut Cultivation Guide
Planting Material and Planting in Coconut Farming:
The preferred high-quality seedling of coconut ought to be transplanted on the field as earlier as the monsoon begins. While for under irrigation conditions, carry out the plantation at least three to four week before the start of monsoon. This will helps in the improved establishment of seedling on the field earlier than heavy rains. On the other hand, for planting in the low-lying region, the transplantation of seedling be supposed to be passed out after the last part of monsoon.
Prior to planting the pits are filled up with topsoil and powdered cow dung/compost up to a deepness of 50 to 60 cm. Then take a small pit inside this, so as to house the nut attached to the seedling. Plant the seedling in the interior this pit and fill up with soil. Force down the soil well so as to keep away from water stagnation. If there is a chance for white-ant attack apply Sevidol 8G(5gm.) inside the small pit prior to planting.
Best Season to Plant a Coconut Palm:
At the time of the onset of pre-monsoon rain is a good time for planting the coconut palm. This will help in having the coconut to grow easily without any reason for not growing.
Irrigation/Water Supply in Coconut Farming:
Irrigation should be continued at regular interval and systematically. On the other hand, for coconut production, drip irrigation is the finest suitable and mainly convenient way of irrigation. It not only saves water but also saves energy and labor.
Manuring in Coconut Farming:
Normal manuring beginning the first year of planting is necessary to attain superior productivity. For coconut 20 – 50kg. organic manure is supposed to be applied per palm per year with the beginning of the southwest monsoon, whilst soil moisture content is high. Various types of organic loaves such as compost, field waste, bone meal, fish meal, meal of blood, neem cake, groundnut cake, etc. may possibly be made use for this purpose
Fertilizers Coconut Farming:
In this Coconut Cultivation Guide, knowing about Fertilizers is very important. There are quite a few scenarios where you can use different kinds of fertilizers at the different stages of coconut.
Intercropping in Coconut Farming:
The timetable for inter-mixed cropping may be strained up based on the awning dimension and course of palms. A diversity of intercrops like pineapple, banana, elephant-foot yam, groundnut, chilies, sweet potato, tapioca, and dissimilar vegetables can be raised in coconut garden. In the older plantation, you can grow cocoa, cinnamon, pepper, clove, nutmeg etc. as mixed crops. On the other hand, manure sufficiently and unconnectedly to these intercrops in addition to the manures to the coconut palm.
Harvesting of Coconut Farming:
You will observe that the Coconut Trees comes for harvesting within the first year of transplanting seedlings just after the spathe opening. It ought to be collected at a variety of intervals of time, depending on the maturity. The economic life of coconut palm is about 60 to 65 years, which means they are capable to provide production for regarding more than 60 years.
Yield in Coconut Farming:
The yield of coconut palms is a variable factor which depends on the selected variety, soil type, irrigation facility, weather, climate condition, application of manure and fertilizers along with farm management skills, practices during the cultivation.
Below is a table showing the average yield of varied varieties or cultivars
S. No Variety Yield Harvest Starts in the Year1.Hybrid variety 100 Nuts3 to 4 years
65 to 75 Nuts6 years3.Dwarf (tender coconut) variety 75 to 85 Nuts5 years
Marketing in Coconut Farming:
Coconuts have high demand all through the year. They can be marketed in large scale to industries or also can be sold to local vendors.
Bottom Line in this Coconut Cultivation Guide:
When well maintained, coconut farming yields you high profits. We hope that this coconut cultivation guide has helped you in knowing about new things. If you have any doubts about this coconut cultivation guide, then you can contact us via the comment section. While if you like the information, you can share this coconut cultivation guide to the ones who need the information.